The American Embassy in Cuba: Another Triumph for Communism
410 – Alaric sacks Rome
1385 – Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
1842 – Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
1846 – Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
1848 – Oregon Territory created
1862 – Lincoln receives first group of blacks to confer with U.S. president
1900 – International forces including U.S. Marines enter Beijing to put down Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at ridding China of Foreigners
1910 – 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington D.C.
1912 – 2,500 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua; U.S. remains until 1925
1935 – Social Security Act became law
1945 – V.J. Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally, ending World War II
1947 – India and Pakistan gain independence for Great Britain
1973 – U.S. begins bombing Cambodia
Which one of these dates do you suppose is the reason the Obama Administration and the Castros chose August 14 to raise the American flag over the new American embassy in Cuba?
Alaric sacked Rome in 410. That would be a good day to celebrate yet another triumph of Communism over freedom. The U.S. Marine helped put down the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900. Communism had not yet taken in place in China. But it would soon thereafter.
In 1910, the 6th International Congress of Esperantists was held in Washington, D.C. An Esperantist is someone who hopes (from Esperanto esperanto “a hoping one,” “someone who hopes,” from esperi “to hope”). Although definitions of “Esperantist” vary, according to the Declaration of Boulogne, a document agreed at the first World Congress of Esperanto, an Esperantist is someone who speaks Esperanto and uses it for any purpose. An Esperantist is also a person who participates in Esperanto culture
Kazmierz Badowski, founder of the Communist Party of Poland, promoted Esperanto as part of Trotskyist movement.
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, one of the architects of the League of Nations, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
Jean Jaures, French politician who proposed to the International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart in 1907 the use of Esperanto for the information diffused by the Brussels Office of the organization.
Josip Broz Tito, head of state of Yugoslavia
J.R.R. Tolkien, author of The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings, professor of English and linguistics at Oxford University
Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer and philosopher, who claimed he learned how to write Esperanto after two hours of study
Jules Verne, French author, incorporated Esperanto into his last unfinished work
Louis Lumiere, French inventor of cinema; said: “The use of Esperanto could have one of the happiest consequences in its effects on international relations and the establishment of peace.”
George Soros, Hungarian-American billionaire and son of Esperantist parents (“Soros,” a name selected by his father to avoid persecution, in Esperanto means “will soar”).
Not a particularly notable date, but an interesting selection of Esperantists.
Throughout the late 19th century, the United States and several European powers considered a scheme to build a canal across Nicaragua, linking the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic.
In 1909, the United States provided political support to Conservative-led forces rebelling against President Zelaya. On Nov. 18, 1909, U.S. warships were sent to the area after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) were executed by order of Zelaya. Zelaya resigned later that year.
In August 1912, the President of Nicaragua, Adolfo Diaz, requested the secretary of war, General Luis Mena, resign for fear he was leading an insurrection. Mena fled Managua with his brother, the chief of police of Managua, to start an insurrection. When the U.S. legation asked President Díaz to ensure the safety of American citizens and property during the insurrection, he replied he could not, and asked the United States to intervene in the conflict.
United States Marines occupied Nicaragua from 1912 to 1933, except for a nine-month period beginning in 1925. In 1914, the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty was signed, giving the U.S. control over the proposed canal, as well as leases for potential canal defenses. Following the evacuation of U.S. Marines, another violent conflict between Liberals and Conservatives took place in 1926, which resulted in the return of U.S. Marines.
From 1927 until 1933, Gen. Augusto Cesar Sandino led a sustained guerrilla war first against the Conservative regime and subsequently against the U.S. Marines, whom he fought for over five years. When the Americans left in 1933, they set up the Guardia Nacional (national guard), a combined military and police force trained and equipped by the Americans.
After the U.S. Marines withdrew from Nicaragua in January 1933, Sandino and the newly-elected Sacasa government reached an agreement by which he would cease his guerrilla activities in return for amnesty, a grant of land for an agricultural colony, and retention of an armed band of 100 men for a year. The Somoza family came to power as part of a U.S.-engineered pact in 1927 that stipulated the formation of the Guardia Nacional to replace the marines who had long reigned in the country. Dictator-General Anastasio Somoza slowly eliminated officers in the national guard who might have stood in his way, and then deposed Sacasa and became president on January 1, 1937, in a rigged election.
A growing hostility between Sandino and Somoza, however, led Somoza to order the assassination of Sandino. Fearing future armed opposition from Sandino, Somoza took the decision to order his assassination. Sandino was invited by President Juan Bautista Sacasa to have dinner and sign a peace treaty at the presidential house in Managua. Sandino’s car, after leaving the Presidencial House, was stopped by soldiers of the National Guard and kidnapped. Later Sandino was assassinated that same night on Feb. 21, 1934, by soldiers of the national guard.
So what does that have to do with Cuba? Nothing, really. Except that Secretary of State John Kerry was instrumental in supporting the Communist-led Sandinistas in Nicaragua. He even went so far as to lead Congressional opposition to, and finally outlaw, any American involvement in opposing any Communist-led coups.
As a young man, after having spent only 14 months in Vietnam, he came back to join the anti-Vietnam War movement. The uniform gave him the proper credentials to join the anti-war movement. When he ran for election in 2004, he was “swift-boated” by real Vietnam War veterans who countered his claims of merit in that conflict.
Then came Nicaragua, and now the triumph of Communism in Cuba, not to mention the Iran nuke deal. Somehow, wherever a dictatorship is opposed, Kerry is always there to lend it support and ultimate victory.
August 14, 1945 is celebrated as the end of World War II. Perhaps Kerry would like to see August 14, 2015 celebrated as the official end of the Cold War, with the restoration of relations with human-rights violating, murderer-worshipping Cuba.
Keep the Nicaraguan history in mind, because it figures greatly in the fight to build a second canal through Central America. Begun by the French in 1881, the U.S. took over the project in 1904 and completed it on – wait for it – August 15, 1914.
The American flag may fly over the American embassy in Havana. But it’s a sign of surrender, not triumph.