Mr. Cool: Willis Carrier, Inventor of the Air Conditioner

His invention has saved or prolonged the lives of millions. It’s made life easier, more comfortable, and more productive for millions more workers. It’s given millions and millions of people a better night’s sleep.

 

But John Kerry and other environmental Progressives of the United Nations School of Global Tyranny disapprove of Willis Carrier’s invention and are proposing a ban on air conditioning. Even in the middle of a prolonged, Northeastern heatwave, they are calling for people to shut off their air conditioners.  That advice might make sense in unoccupied homes.

 

Not, however, when people are in them. Especially not older people.

 

Willis Haviland Carrier (Nov. 26, 1876 – Oct. 7, 1950) was an American engineer, best known for inventing modern air conditioning. The son of Duane Williams Carrier and Elizabeth R. Haviland, Willis studied at Cornell University graduating in 1901 with a BS in engineering.

In Buffalo, N.Y., on July 17, 1902, in response to a quality problem experienced at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn, Willis Carrier submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world’s first modern air conditioning system. The 1902 installation marked the birth of air conditioning because of the addition of humidity control, which led to the recognition by authorities in the field that air conditioning must perform four basic functions:

  1. control temperature
  2. control humidity
  3. control air circulation and ventilation
  4. cleanse the air

After several more years of refinement and field testing, on Jan. 2, 1906, Carrier was granted U.S. Patent 808,897 for an Apparatus for Treating Air, the world’s first spray-type air conditioning equipment. It was designed to humidify or dehumidify air, heating water for the first and cooling it for the second.

In 1906 Carrier discovered that “constant dew-point depression provided practically constant relative humidity,” which later became known among air conditioning engineers as the “law of constant dew-point depression.” On this discovery he based the design of an automatic control system, for which he filed a patent claim on May 17, 1907.  U.S. Patent 1,085,971  was issued on Feb. 3, 1914.

On Dec. 3, 1911, Carrier presented the perhaps most significant document ever prepared on air conditioning – Rational Psychrometric Formulae – at the annual meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. It became known as the “Magna Carta of Psychometrics.”

This document tied together the concepts of relative humidity, absolute humidity, and dew-point temperature, thus making it possible to design air-conditioning systems to precisely fit the requirements at hand.

With the onset of World War I in late-1914, the Buffalo Forge Company, for which Carrier had been employed 12 years, decided to confine its activities entirely to manufacturing. The result was that seven young engineers pooled together their life savings of $32,600 to form the Carrier Engineering Corporation in New York on June 26, 1915. The seven were Carrier, J. Irvine Lyle, Edward T. Murphy, L. Logan Lewis, Ernest T. Lyle, Frank Sanna, Alfred E. Stacey, Jr., and Edmund P. Heckel.  The company eventually settled on Frelinghuysen Avenue in Newark, N.J.

Despite the development of the centrifugal refrigeration machine and the commercial growth of air conditioning to cool buildings in the 1920s, the company ran into financial difficulties, as did many others, as a result of the Wall Street crash in October 1929.  In 1930, Carrier Engineering Corp. merged with Brunswick-Kroeschell Company and York Heating & Ventilating Corporation to form the Carrier Corporation, with Willis Carrier named Chairman of the Board.

Spread out over four cities in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, Carrier consolidated and moved his company to Syracuse, N.Y., in 1937, and the company became one of the largest employers in central New York State.

The Great Depression slowed residential and commercial use of air conditioning. Willis Carrier’s igloo in the 1939 New York World’s Fair gave visitors a glimpse into the future of air conditioning, but before it became popular, World War II began. During the post-war economic boom of the 1950s, air conditioning began its tremendous growth in popularity.

In 1930, Carrier started Toyo Carrier and Samsung Applications in Japan and Korea. South Korea is now the largest producer for air conditioning in the world.  The Carrier Corporation pioneered the design and manufacture of refrigeration machines to cool large spaces. By increasing industrial production in the summer months, air conditioning revolutionized American life.

The introduction of residential air conditioning in the 1920s helped start the great migration to the Sunbelt. The company became a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation in 1980. The Carrier Corporation remains a world leader in commercial and residential HVAC and refrigeration. In 2007, the Carrier Corporation had sales of more than $15 billion and employed some 45,000 people.

For his contributions to science and industry, Willis Carrier was awarded an engineering degree by Lehigh University in 1935 and an honorary Doctor of Letters degree by Alfred (N.Y.) University in 1942; Carrier was awarded the Frank P. Brown Medal in 1942; and was inducted posthumously in the National Inventors Hall of Fame (1985) and the Buffalo Science Museum Hall of Fame (2008).

With the advent of the United Nation’s 1992 Global Summit on Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro, a war has been declared on science and inventions. Any invention that benefits Man is deemed automatically to be a threat to the planet and therefore must be eliminated.

According to Fox News:

Secretary of State John Kerry said in Vienna on Friday that air conditioners and refrigerators are as big of a threat to life as the threat of terrorism posed by groups like the Islamic State.

The Washington Examiner reported that Kerry was in Vienna to amend the 1987 Montreal Protocol that would phase out hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, from basic household and commercial appliances like air conditioners, refrigerators, and inhalers.

“As we were working together on the challenge of [ISIS] and terrorism,” Kerry said. “It’s hard for some people to grasp it, but what we–you–are doing here right now is of equal importance because it has the ability to literally save life on the planet itself.”

Kerry said that most of the substances banned in the Montreal Protocol have increased the use of HFCs and claimed that the coolant was thousands of times more potent than CO2. He added that the increase of HFCs has led to the trend of global climate change.

“The use of hydrofluorocarbons is unfortunately growing,” Kerry said. “Already, the HFCs use in refrigerators, air conditioners, and other items are emitting an entire gigaton of carbon dioxide-equivalent pollution into the atmosphere annually. Now, if that sounds like a lot, my friends, it’s because it is.  It’s the equivalent to emissions from nearly 300 coal-fired power plants every single year.”

A bigger threat to life than ISIS? Eliminating air-conditioners, refrigerators and inhalers would cause a greater loss of life than those nearly 300 coal-fired power plants and ISIS combined.  The former two inventions have saved lives for nearly a century.

 

What Kerry and the United Nations really wish to do is eliminate all those inconvenient middle class Greatest Generation people now occupying nursing homes or depending upon air conditioners in order to breathe. Not to mention all the tax-paying workers employed in offices and factories in the United States.

 

Yesterday morning, it was 101 degrees outside my window, with the sunshine bearing down upon it. It’s not global warming; it’s July.

 

Back in July of 1972, my maternal grandparents began the War of the Air Conditioner. My mother bought it for her mother to put in her bedroom window because she was suffering from diabetes and heart disease.  But seeing the July electric bill, my grandfather went into a rage and shut it off on her.

 

She’d turn it on again, he’d shut it off. My mother, and even my uncle, who worked nearby, tried to intervene.  Finally, in the midst of an August heat wave, Grandpa didn’t just shut the air conditioner off; he broke it.  Grandma had a heart attack and three weeks later, on September 5, 1972, she died.

 

John Kerry chose a particularly bad day to make a case for banning air conditioners, when temperatures rose to over 100 degrees in the Northeast. Maybe he can repair to Martha’s Vineyard when things get to hot, but for those of us who have to work for a living, drive to work for a living, or want to keep their elderly relatives living, banning air conditioning is not an option.

 

Out in Phoenix, Ariz., and Las Vegas, Nev., the temperatures soared as high as 117 degrees.

 

When Hell freezes over, John Kerry; that’s when we’ll abandon our air conditioners.

 

 

 

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Published in: on July 26, 2016 at 6:05 pm  Leave a Comment  

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